Dutch East India Company

Navigation Menu Cultural Group Guides The following guides emphasize information that can be used to stimulate thinking about cultural differences and prompt questions that will help providers understand how their patients identify with and express their cultural backgrounds. These are not fact lists to apply indiscriminately. African American The following cultural patterns may represent many African Americans, but do not represent all people in a community. Each person is an individual, as well as a community member. The term African American generally refers to people descended from Africans who did not come to the US voluntarily—descendants of the four million slaves brought to the US between and The family may be matriarchal, although father or mother may take on the decision-making role. For African Americans, women more than men tend to remain unmarried, and more women have been educated at the college level. In general, the older generation is more conservative, may have a more traditional view of gender roles, and may shun interracial dating and marriage. Elders are respected and often provide care for their grandchildren. Institutionalization of elders has historically been avoided, with sons and daughters taking on the family caretaker role.

Saint Thomas Christian denominations

It is said that the mainland portion of what is now Tanzania was named by a British civil servant in , from the Swahili words tanga sail and nyika bright arid plain. In , Tanganyika was joined with Zanzibar, an offshore archipelago of islands, to form the present United Republic of Tanzania. Because of a unique combination of historic and cultural factors, Tanzanians share strong feelings of national pride and cohesion.

This sense of nationalism has served to keep the country at peace for over two decades, while most of its neighbors have been involved intermittently in catastrophically destructive civil and cross-border wars. Tanzanians have been able to resolve most internal problems without resorting to violence because of a shared language, the lack of political or economic dominance by any ethnic group, and the strong leadership provided by Julius Nyerere — , the first president of Tanzania.

At the same time, however, repressive, corrupting influences emanating from the colonial, socialist, and capitalist eras have fostered among many Tanzanians an attitude of dependency and fatalistic resignation that helps keep the country one of the poorest in the world.

Identification. It is said that the mainland portion of what is now Tanzania was named by a British civil servant in , from the Swahili words tanga (sail) and nyika (bright arid plain). Thus what was known formerly as German East Africa became Tanganyika Territory.

Thomas Christian families who claim their descent from ancestors who were baptized by Apostle Thomas are found all over Kerala. Thomas Christians were classified into the social status system according to their professions with special privileges for trade granted by the benevolent kings who ruled the area. After the 8th century when Hindu Kingdoms came to sway, Christians were expected to strictly abide by stringent rules pertaining to caste and religion.

This became a matter of survival. This is why St. Thomas Christians had such a strong sense of caste and tradition, being the oldest order of Christianity in India. The Archdeacon was the head of the Church, and Palliyogams Parish Councils were in charge of temporal affairs. They had a liturgy -centered life with days of fasting and abstinence.

Their devotion to the Mar Thoma tradition was absolute. Their churches were modelled after Jewish synagogues. There are mats but no seats. Instead of images, they have some useful writing from the holy book. Thomas Christians of Kerala have blended well with the ecclesiastical world of the Eastern Churches and with the changing socio-cultural environment of their homeland.

Saint Thomas Christians According to the 1st century annals of Pliny the Elder and the author of Periplus of the Erythraean sea, Muziris in Kerala could be reached in 40 days’ time from the Egyptian coast purely depending on the South West Monsoon winds.

Indian Wedding Traditions, Hindu Wedding Traditions

Lying within the Indomalaya ecozone, India hosts significant biodiversity; it is home to 7. Overall, 33 percent of Indian plant species are endemic. There are the tropical rainforests of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and Northeast India, and the coniferous forest of the Himalayas. Between these extremes lie the sal-dominated moist deciduous forest of eastern India; teak-dominated dry deciduous forest of central and southern India; and the babul-dominated thorn forest of the central Deccan and western Gangetic plain.

The Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie; VOC) was an early megacorporation, founded by a government-directed amalgamation of several rival Dutch trading companies (the so-called voorcompagnieën or pre-companies) in the early 17th century. It was originally established, on 20 March , as a chartered company to trade with India and Indianized Southeast .

Thomas Christians came into a lifelong relationship with the Church of the East [ citation needed ], which was also established by Thomas the apostle according to early Christian writings. The Primate or Metropolitan of Persia consecrated bishops for the Indian Church, which brought it indirectly under the control of Seleucia. This is the original Christian church in what was once Parthia: The See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon developing within the Persian Empire, at the east of the Christian world, rapidly took a different course from other Eastern Christians.

The persecuted Christians and even Bishops, at least on two occasions, sought an asylum in Malabar. Thomas Mount and throughout Malabar coast has inscriptions in Pahlavi and Syriac. It is dated from before the 8th Century. They were men illustrious for their sanctity, and their memory was held sacred in the Malabar Church. They constructed many churches and, during their lifetime, the Christian religion flourished especially in the kingdom of Diamper.

There was no centralized administrative structure on a monarchical pattern. The territorial administrative system which developed after the diocesan pattern within the eastern and western Roman empires did not exist in the Indian Church. Thomas the apostle himself. The people referred to were the Christians known as a body who had their liturgy in the Syriac language and inhabited the west coast of India, i.

During that period, there was persecution against Christians.

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The initial run was between Kuala Lumpur to Ipoh with a travel time of just over 2 hours. With the completion of the railway electrification and double-tracking from Padang Besar to Gemas , the ETS has been extended to the rest of the electrified line, offering fast connection between destinations with travel time comparable to or even faster than a bus.

However, the introduction of the ETS spelled the end of diesel train services including sleeper services on the electrified line. The southern unelectrified line between Gemas and Johor Bahru is still served by diesel trains with only 2nd class seats. A change of trains between the ETS and diesel trains is required to continue north or south of Gemas. The original “Jungle Train” is the slow daytime service which stops at every station every min or so.

Culture of Thailand – history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family Sa-Th.

Controversy[ edit ] Anthropologist Helen Fisher in What happens in the dating world can reflect larger currents within popular culture. For example, when the book The Rules appeared, it touched off media controversy about how men and women should relate to each other, with different positions taken by New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd [58] and British writer Kira Cochrane of The Guardian.

Sara McCorquodale suggests that women meeting strangers on dates meet initially in busy public places, share details of upcoming dates with friends or family so they know where they’ll be and who they’ll be with, avoid revealing one’s surname or address, and conducting searches on them on the Internet prior to the date.

Don’t leave drinks unattended; have an exit plan if things go badly; and ask a friend to call you on your cell phone an hour into the date to ask how it’s going. If you explain beautifully, a woman does not look to see whether you are handsome or not — but listens more, so you can win her heart. That is why I advise our boys to read stories and watch movies more and to learn more beautiful phrases to tell girls.

The Internet is shaping the way new generations date. Facebook , Skype , Whatsapp , and other applications have made remote connections possible. Online dating tools are an alternate way to meet potential dates. The average duration of courtship before proceeding to engagement or marriage varies considerably throughout the world.

He has to build his own house, store lots of tobacco and dry coffee leaves for the girl’s parents and have many cows and goats. If the girl is from a wealthy family the dowry given to her parents is worth about to cows, about 1, sheep or goats, five camels and three rifles. Shanghai marriage market Patterns of dating are changing in China, with increased modernization bumping into traditional ways.

One report in China Daily suggests that dating for Chinese university women is “difficult” and “takes work” and steals time away from academic advancement, and places women in a precarious position of having to balance personal success against traditional Chinese relationships.

India’s deep but forgotten roots in South-east Asia

These reminders reveal themselves like threads woven through the fabric of daily life – my neighbour lighting incense before an altar, the new year timed to the lunar calendar, even the concern for departed atmans souls as echoed in the observance of the Hungry Ghost Festival. To be sure, similar beliefs and practices can arise across cultures. The batik designs worn by stewardesses aboard Singapore Airlines bore an unmistakable Indian stamp.

Other articles where American colonies is discussed: United States: Colonial America to The English colonization of North America was but one chapter in the larger story of European expansion throughout the globe. The Portuguese, beginning with a voyage to Porto Santo off the coast of West Africa in , were.

A Abbreviations This information is included in Appendix A: Abbreviations , which includes all abbreviations and acronyms used in the Factbook, with their expansions. Acronyms An acronym is an abbreviation coined from the initial letter of each successive word in a term or phrase. In general, an acronym made up of more than the first letter of the major words in the expanded form is rendered with only an initial capital letter Comsat from Communications Satellite Corporation; an exception would be NAM from Nonaligned Movement.

Administrative divisions This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by the BGN are noted. Geographic names conform to spellings approved by the BGN with the exception of the omission of diacritical marks and special characters.

Age structure This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age. Information is included by sex and age group as follows: The age structure of a population affects a nation’s key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations high percentage ages 65 and over need to invest more in the health sector.

The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest. Agriculture – products This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important.

Saint Thomas Christian denominations

Reproduction of a map of the city of Batavia c. Investment in these expeditions was a very high-risk venture, not only because of the usual dangers of piracy, disease and shipwreck, but also because the interplay of inelastic demand and relatively elastic supply [67] of spices could make prices tumble at just the wrong moment, thereby ruining prospects of profitability.

To manage such risk the forming of a cartel to control supply would seem logical. The English had been the first to adopt this approach, by bundling their resources into a monopoly enterprise, the English East India Company in , thereby threatening their Dutch competitors with ruin.

The Saint Thomas Christian denominations are traditional Christian denominations from Kerala, India, who trace their origins to the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century. They are also known as “Nasranis” as well. The Syriac term “Nasrani” is still used by St. Thomas Christians in Kerala.. For the first 15 centuries, they had their own leaders to whom they were.

From Paleolithic Man to early Woodland Indians, nomadic tribesmen left their mark in little more than arrowheads and pottery shards. Around the time of Christ a new American, the Moundbuilder, entered the northwest corner and the southern portion of the state. They did not expand their control, leaving the Woodland culture intact. Later moundbuilding cultures Mississippian moved up the great inland rivers of Georgia to sites like Ocmulgee and Etowah.

After several fluctuations in weather conditions over thousands of years , a warming trend began some 20, years ago. Earliest evidence of human inhabitation comes from the Georgia side of the Savannah River between Augusta and Savannah, where flaked micro-blades have been found dating to 16, , BC — the oldest tools known on the North American continent. Paleolithic Clovis arrowheads have been discovered in Bartow County dating back some 12, years.

Unfortunately, no supporting evidence of Paleolithic man has been located in this northwest Georgia county. From this beginning early man spread out across the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of the state. Archaic sites in the state range from the Savannah River Basin, throughout north Georgia. Artifacts like bone awls from Union County , arrowheads from Dade and Murray County and socketed projectile points from Jenkins County indicate the wide range of man during this period.

American colonies

Mehndi ceremony is organized by the women of the house. Female guests are invited to participate in the Mehndi function that is marked with music and dance. Other women may also indulge in applying simple Arabic Mehndi designs on their hands. Modern day brides may opt for simple Arabic Mehndi designs on the back of the hand and traditional Indian designs on the palm.

Mehndi is often organized in evenings and guests are offered sumptuous dinner. The groom has to find the name in post wedding rituals.

Siamese, Central Tai Orientation Identification. The name “Thailand” is associated with the dominant ethnic group, Thai. Thailand was never under European colonial rule. It was an absolute monarchy until , when it became a constitutional monarchy. In the country’s name was changed from Siam to Thailand. Military dictators ruled the nation until the early s; the military remained a powerful force in national politics into the early s.

Since that time, its role has diminished, and a new constitution was adopted in The military governments after World War II promoted rapid economic development and attempted to assimilate ethnic minorities.

Cultural Group Guides

Somalia was known to the ancient Egyptians as the Land of Punt. They valued its trees which produced the aromatic gum resins frankincense and myrrh. Punt is also mentioned in the Bible, and ancient Romans called it Cape Aromatica. Somalia is named for the legendary father of the Somali people, Samaal or Samale. The Somali people share a common language, Somali, and most are Muslims of the Sunni sect. Somalis also live in northern Kenya; in the Ogaden region of eastern Ethiopia; and in Djibouti, to the northwest of Somalia.

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Dating Dont’s for Indian Men


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