SAT 500

 

WORD

DEFINITION

1

abate

lessen

2

aberration

deviation, not normal

3

abhor, abhorrence

hatred

4

abstruse

difficult to understand

5

accost

confront

6

acrimony

bitter animosity

7

acumen

insightfulness

8

adamant

not yielding

9

adept

skillful

10

adroit

skillful

11

affected

haughty

12

alacrity

eagerness

13

allocate

assign, portion

14

altruistic, altruism

generous

15

amenable

yielding

16

amiable

friendly

17

amicable

friendly

18

antediluvian

very old

19

anthropology

study of human beings

20

antipathy

dislike

21

apathetic, apathy

lacking interest

22

apt

appropriate, inclined

23

arcane

mysterious, known only by a few

24

ascendancy

influence, domination

25

ascetic, asceticism

one who practices self-denial as a spiritual discipline

26

aspire

strive for

27

assail

belittle

28

assiduous

diligent

29

assuage

relieve, appease

30

atrophy

waste away

31

attenuate

weaken, reduce

32

august

dignified

33

aura

air, feeling

34

auspicious

favorable

35

autocrat, autocratic

dictator, dictatorial

36

automaton

a person who acts like a robot

37

avarice

greed

38

banal

common

39

barrage

bombardment, torrent

40

belie

give a false impression

41

belligerent

aggressive, warlike

42

benevolent

generous

43

bequeath

hand down (through a will)

44

berate

scold harshly

45

bipartisanship

supported by two opposing groups (political parties)

46

blighted

destroyed

47

bog

marsh, swamp

48

bolster

support

49

bombastic

pompous

50

boorish, boorishness

crude

51

buoyant

cheerful, floating

52

burgeon

grow, flourish

53

buttress

support

54

byzantine

convoluted, complex

55

cacophonous, cacophony

discordant sound

56

cajole

coax

57

callous

insensitive

58

cantankerous(ness)

irritable

59

capricious

fickle

60

castigate

belittle

61

caustic

bitter

62

censorious

harshly critical

63

censure

scold

64

cerebral

intellectual

65

chagrin

mortification

66

charlatan

swindler

67

chastise

belittle

68

chide

belittle

69

churlish

vulgar, boorish

70

circuitous

indirect

71

circumscribe

restrict

72

circumvent

escape, avoid

73

clandestine

secretive

74

coalesce

blend, fuse

75

compendious

succinct

76

complacency, complacent

self-satisfaction, smugness

77

compliant, compliance

yielding

78

conciliate, conciliatory

compromising, apologizing

79

concur

agree

80

conflagration

large destructive fire

81

confluence

a place where things merge or flow together

82

congenial

pleasant

83

conscientious

careful

84

consternation

dismay

85

contempt(uous)

disdainful

86

contemptible

despicable

87

contentious

belligerent, quarrelsome

88

convivial

sociable, lively

89

copious

abundant

90

corroborate

strengthen or support with additional evidence

91

cosmopolitan

sophisticated, urbane

92

credulity, credulous

the trait of trusting others too much

93

culpable

blameworthy

94

cursory

hasty, superficial

95

dauntless

courageous

96

dearth

scarcity

97

debacle

failure

98

debilitate(d)

weaken(ed)

99

debunk

prove wrong

100

decimate

destroy

101

decorum, decorous

order, politeness

102

deference, deferential

respectful submission, yielding

103

degradation

humiliation

104

deleterious

harmful

105

delineate

list, explain

106

demonstrative

openly emotional

107

demure, demurral

overly modest

108

demystify

make clear and comprehensible

109

denigrate

belittle

110

depose

dethrone, remove from power

111

depravity

moral corruption

112

deprecate

disapprove, belittle

113

depreciation, depreciatory

decrease in value

114

deride

make fun of

115

derivative

not original

116

derogatory, derogate

disparaging, belittling

117

desecration

violate the sacredness of

118

despondent

sad, depressed

119

despot

dictator

120

destitute

poor

121

deterrent

hindrance, impediment

122

devoid

lacking

123

didactic

(often excessively) morally instructive

124

diffident, diffidence

shy

125

diffuse

spread out

126

digress(ion)

stray from the subject at hand

127

dilatory

tending to waste time

128

diminutive, diminution

extremely small

129

dire

urgent, dreadful

130

discern, discerning

perceive, perceptive

131

discomfited

disappointed, defeated

132

discount (verb)

disregard

133

disheartening

discouraging

134

disillusionment

disenchantment, disappointment

135

disingenuous

insincere

136

disparage

belittle

137

dispassionate

unemotional

138

dispel

to drive away or disprove

139

disputatious

quarrelsome

140

disquiet(ing)

(causing) anxiety

141

disseminate

scatter widely

142

distaste

dislike, aversion

143

divergent

different, conflicting

144

divisive

creating conflict

145

divulge

make known

146

doctrine

religious, political, or philosophical principles or teachings

147

dogmatic

tending to force one’s own opinions on other people

148

dormant

inactive

149

dupe

deceive

150

duplicitous, duplicity

deliberately deceptive

151

ebullient

enthusiastic

152

eclectic

from diverse sources

153

efface(ment)

erase

154

effervesce

bubble, fizz

155

egalitarian

belief in equality

156

elated, elation

joyful

157

elicit

bring about

158

elucidate

clarify

159

elude

evade

160

elusive

difficulty to catch or define

161

embitter(ed)

make worse

162

embroil(ed)

involve in an argument or conflict

163

empathetic, empathy

compassionate

164

empiric(al)

based on observation and experiment (not theory)

165

encompass

include, surround

166

encroaching

intrusive

167

encumbrance

burden

168

enigma(tic)

mystery, mysterious

169

enumerate

list

170

ephemeral

short-lived

171

epiphany

sudden realization

172

epitome, epitomize

representative example

173

equanimity

calmness

174

equitable

even-handed

175

equivocal

ambiguous

176

erudite, erudition

scholarly

177

esoteric

understood only by a few

178

estrange, estrangement

alienate, alienation

179

eulogy, eulogize

praising speech

180

evoke

bring about, stir up

181

exacting

demanding, severe requirements

182

excavate

unearth, dig up

183

exemplar

representative example

184

exhibitionist, exhibitionistic

deliberately behaving a certain way to attract attention

185

exhort

encourage

186

exorbitant

too expensive

187

expedient

useful

188

exposé

a report designed to reveal the truth to the public

189

extol

praise

190

extricate

disentangle

191

facile

superficial, effortless

192

faction

group within a larger group

193

fallacious

deceitful, incorrect

194

fallacy

false belief

195

fanaticism

excessive enthusiasm

196

fastidious

careful

197

fathom (verb)

understand

198

felicitous

well-suited, happy

199

finesse

tact, elegant skill

200

flagrant

evident, obvious

201

flippant, flippancy

disrespectful

202

florid(ity)

flushed, flowery

203

flummox

confuse

204

folly

foolishness

205

foolhardy

recklessly daring

206

forlorn

sad

207

fortitude

courage

208

fortuitous

fortunate, lucky

209

fraudulent

deceitful

210

frugal(ity)

cheap(ness)

211

furor

commotion, anger

212

furtive

sneaky

213

futile, futility

hopeless

214

gait

manner of walking

215

gallant(ry)

courageous

216

gargantuan

gigantic

217

garish

tastelessly showy

218

genial

friendly

219

germinate

(cause to) grow

220

glutton(ous)

someone who eats and drinks too much

221

grandiose

pompous, pretentious

222

hackneyed

common

223

hamper (verb)

hinder, restrict

224

hardy

robust, sturdy

225

hasten

speed up the progress of

226

heresy, heretic

belief contrary to the established opinion

227

histrionic

excessively dramatic or emotional

228

hubris

arrogance

229

idiosyncracy, idiosyncratic

unique personal trait, quirky

230

idyllic

simply tranquil

231

ignominy, ignominious

dishonor, humiliation

232

illicit

illegal

233

impasse

obstacle

234

imperious

arrogant

235

impetuous

rash, passionate

236

impudence, impudent

disrespectful, insolent

237

inane

senseless, stupid

238

incongruity, incongruous

inappropriateness, discrepancy

239

incredulous, incredulity

skeptical

240

incriminate

accuse someone of a crime

241

incubate

develop, grow

242

indeterminate

left doubtful, inconclusive

243

indict(ment)

formally accuse of a crime

244

indigenous

native to a region

245

indignant

angered (by injustice)

246

indiscriminate

unselective, random

247

indolent

lazy

248

indomitable

too strong to be defeated

249

induce

cause

250

indulgent

lenient

251

ineffable

impossible to express in words

252

ineptitude

incompetence

253

inert, inertia

not moving or active

254

ingenuous

unsophisticated and trusting, naïve

255

inherent

intrinsic, natural

256

inhibit(ing)

restrain(ing)

257

innate

intrinsic, natural

258

innocuous

harmless

259

innuendo

implicit suggestion

260

inscrutable

mysterious

261

insipid

dull, boring

262

insolence, insolent

disrespectful

263

instigate

provoke, start

264

insular(ity)

related to or similar to an island

265

intrepid

courageous

266

inundate

flood

267

invoke

call forth, appeal to

268

irate

angry

269

irony, ironic

incongruity between what is expected and what actually results

270

irreverent, irreverence

disrespectful

271

jaded

tired, bored

272

jocular

cheerful

273

jovial

cheerful

274

judicious

fair

275

lackadaisical

lacking energy, lethargic

276

laconic

concise

277

laggard

lazy person

278

languid

inactive, dreamy

279

latent, latency

the state of being not yet evident or active

280

laud, laudatory

praise

281

listless

languid, sluggish

282

lithe

graceful, supple

283

lucid

clear, easily understood

284

lucrative

profitable

285

lull

short period of calm

286

lurid

sensational, shocking

287

luxuriant

lush, elaborate

288

magnanimity, magnanimous

generosity, generous

289

malleable

capable of being shaped, pliable

290

marred

scarred

291

maudlin

overly sentimental

292

melancholy

bleak

293

mercenary

motivated by money

294

mercurial

fickle

295

miserly

cheap, stingy

296

mitigate, mitigator

moderate, alleviate

297

modicum

small amount

298

morose

depressed

299

motley

diverse, heterogeneous

300

multifarious

many types

301

nebulous

vague

302

nefarious

evil

303

neophyte

beginner

304

notoriety, notorious

infamous, ill fame

305

noxious

poisonous

306

nuance

subtle difference

307

obdurate

stubborn

308

obstinate (obstinacy)

stubborn(ness)

309

officious

meddlesome, interfering

310

onerous

difficult, trying

311

opportunist, opportunistic

a person who takes advantage of opportunities, often unethically

312

oracle

prophet

313

orthodox

conservative, traditional

314

ostensible

apparent, seeming

315

oversight

mistake

316

pacifist

one who completely opposes violence

317

pacify

soothe, calm

318

painstaking

careful

319

palliate, palliative

relieve pain without curing

320

paradigm

clear example

321

parch

make dry

322

parody

intentional mockery

323

partisan

someone with biased beliefs

324

patronize

financially support, be condescending towards

325

paucity

scarcity

326

pedant, pedantic, pedantry

a person who makes a great show of his knowledge

327

peevish

unpleasant

328

penchant

preference

329

penurious

cheap, stingy

330

peremptory

bossy, decisive

331

perfunctory

done routinely with little interest or care

332

peripheral

outermost, secondary

333

perquisite

additional payment, bonus

334

petulant

irritable

335

philanthropist, philanthropic

someone who supports charity

336

piety, pious

religious devotion

337

placate

calm someone down

338

placid

calm

339

plasticity

malleability, the ability to be shaped or molded

340

plausible, plausibility

likely true

341

plethora, plethoric

surplus

342

pliable, pliant

easily shaped or influenced

343

polemical

controversial

344

prattle

babble

345

precarious

dangerous, unstable

346

precipitate

outcome

347

preclude

prevent

348

precocious

early development in maturity and intelligence

349

presumptuous

too bold, arrogant

350

pretext

misleading claim or appearance

351

prevaricator

liar

352

procure

get or provide

353

prodigious

huge

354

profound, profundity

intense, significant

355

profuse, profusion

plentiful

356

prohibitive, prohibition

restrictive

357

proliferate, proliferation

grow, increase

358

prolific

fertile, fruitful

359

pronouncement

formal declaration

360

propensity

inclination, tendency

361

proponent

supporter

362

prosaic

lacking imagination, dull

363

prospective

likely or expected to become

364

provident

prudent, frugal

365

provincial

narrow-minded, unsophisticated

366

punctilious

meticulous, attentive to detail

367

pundit

a knowledgeable commentator

368

quell

suppress, quench

369

quixotic

foolish

370

rampant

unrestrained, growing

371

ramshackle

poorly constructed

372

rancor(ous)

bitter resentment

373

rapport

relationship

374

ratify

approve, confirm

375

raucous

harsh, rowdy

376

ravenous

insatiable, having a huge appetite

377

raze

destroy, demolish

378

reap

harvest, gather

379

rebuttal

defense, counterargument

380

recalcitrant

stubborn

381

recant

reject

382

recessive

tending to go backward

383

recluse, reclusive

hermit

384

rectify, rectitude

put right, correct

385

redolent

reminiscent, having smell

386

refutation, refute

arguing that a claim is false

387

regressive

tending to return or revert

388

relegate

demote

389

relinquish

give back

390

renounce

reject

391

repertory

collection

392

reprehensible

blameworthy

393

reprimand

belittle

394

reproach

scold

395

repudiate

reject

396

repugnant

offensive, disgusting

397

rescind

annull, retract

398

reticent, reticence

emotionally reserved

399

reverent

respectful, pious

400

rhetoric(al), rhetorician

(related to) elegant speech/writing, elegant speaker/writer

401

rouse, rousing

provoke, excite

402

sage

wise

403

sanctimonious

pretending to be religious, hypocritical

404

sanction (verb)

formally approve

405

sanctity

holiness

406

sanguine

cheerfully confident, optimistic

407

satiate

satisfy fully

408

satire, satirical, satirize

sarcastic imitation

409

saturate

flood, soak

410

scanty

barely sufficient

411

scathing

harshly critical

412

scintillating

lively, effervescent

413

scope

opportunity, range

414

scrupulous

very careful and precise

415

scrutinize, scrutiny

examine carefully

416

self-righteous

smug, holier-than-thou

417

self-serving

selfish

418

serendipity

luck

419

servile

submissive, subservient

420

shrewd

astute, smart

421

shroud

hide, obscure

422

simile

comparison

423

slight (verb)

insult, snub

424

slipshod

careless, sloppy

425

solace

comfort, consolation

426

solicitous(ness)

expressing care or concern, often too much

427

somber

bleak

428

sophistry

deceptive reasoning

429

spartan

simple, self-disciplined

430

sporadic

occurring at irregular intervals

431

spurious

false, inauthentic

432

spurn

reject with contempt

433

squander

waste

434

stagnant, stagnation

not moving

435

stark(ness)

harsh, plain

436

static (adjective)

not moving

437

staunch

strong and loyal

438

steadfast

not yielding

439

stock (adjective)

standard, hackneyed

440

strident

loud and harsh

441

stupefy, stupefaction

bewilder

442

subservient

yielding

443

substantiate

confirm, establish as genuine

444

subversive

one who intends to overthrow the government

445

succulent

delicious

446

supercilious

arrogant

447

superfluous

more than necessary

448

supplant

to take the place of

449

surfeit

surplus

450

susceptible

easily influenced or affected

451

sycophant

suck up, flatterer

452

tangential

digressive, irrelevant

453

teem, teeming

abundant

454

temperamental

moody

455

temporize

delay, evade

456

tenacious, tenacity

stubborn, determined

457

tenuous

insignificant, flimsy

458

tirade

critical speech

459

toady

suck-up

460

torpor

drowsiness, apathy

461

totalitarian

undemocratic, rigid political control

462

tout

praise

463

tractable

easily managed or controlled

464

transient

lasting for only a short time

465

treatise

extensive written argument about some topic

466

trepidation

apprehension

467

tribulation

suffering

468

trifling

frivolous, unimportant

469

trite

common

470

truculent, truculence

aggressive, bad-tempered

471

ubiquitous

ever-present, pervasive

472

unabashed

not embarrassed

473

uncanny

extraordinary, weird

474

uncouth

crude

475

unfathomable

incomprehensible, unbelievable

476

ungainly

clumsy

477

unruly

boisterous, unrestrained

478

unwitting

unintentional

479

urbane

elegant, sophisticated

480

usurp

seize power without authority

481

vacuous, vacuity

empty

482

vanquish

conquer, defeat

483

vapid

dull, uninteresting

484

venal(ity)

willing to accept bribes

485

venerable

commanding respect because of age, dignity

486

verbose

wordy, long-winded

487

vicarious

felt indirectly by imagining someone else’s experiences

488

vigilant

watchful, alert

489

vindicate, vindication

clear of blame or suspicion

490

vindictive

seeking revenge

491

virtuoso, virtuosity

one with exceptional musical skill

492

virulent

poisonous

493

viscous

thick, sticky

494

vocation

career

495

vying

striving

496

waning

lessening

497

wayward

selfish, stubborn

498

wrath

anger

499

wry

clever or grim sense of humor

500

zealot

fanatic

politics and tradition

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